By: Rod Scarlett
Whereas the ultimate overwintering losses for Canada weren’t superb, the priority stays about what occurs subsequent yr. There are lots of questions as to what brought about the large loss in numbers – was it resistance points, viruses attributable to varroa, climate points, dietary points, administration issues, a mix of those or one thing else totally. Not realizing precisely the trigger signifies that excessive losses is perhaps an ongoing drawback and never only a one-off. Making an attempt to arrange for subsequent yr has resulted in planning for each short-term and long-term options primarily based on a myriad of prospects.
Definitely, one of many extra controversial options has been the decision to permit for packaged bees from United States, particularly from northern California. In response to the query as to inventory well being, the CFIA issued the next:
Consistent with its dedication to work with business, stakeholders and academia, and its mandate to forestall the introduction of animal illnesses into Canada, the Canadian Meals Inspection Company (CFIA) is issuing an official name for any new, documented scientific knowledge/data (since 2014) relating to honey bee well being in the US and Canada. The CFIA is issuing this name to assist decide if there’s ample scientific proof to warrant a re-evaluation of the dangers related to the importation of U.S. honey bee packages… The deadline for submission of scientific knowledge/data is September fifth, 2022.
Importing packaged bees from the U.S. is one choice, however not the one one. The CFIA is finishing threat assessments for importing packages from each Italy and Ukraine. After all, the present scenario in Ukraine complicates issues however the two international locations signify new choices and mixed with New Zealand, Australia and Chile, they might realistically provide all Canada’s calls for for bees. Then there’s the matter of accelerating home provide. There’s big alternative for the event of a much more dynamic nuc business. Mix this with improved inside particular person inventory substitute methods and the reliance on imported inventory may simply be lowered. However that is seemingly a extra long-term purpose, a purpose that may definitely have a optimistic influence on most enterprises.
One space that wants specific consideration, nevertheless, is the pollination sector. Whereas the first goal is to decrease overwintering losses, due to timing, it’s obvious that presently, importing inventory is the one viable choice for inventory substitute. This yr confirmed how precarious the connection is between those that want pollination companies and people who provide pollinators. Because the demand for pollination companies grows (and it grows in these areas that don’t have huge numbers of colonies) the beekeeping business goes to should adapt and discover revolutionary methods to satisfy the demand. Shifting bees throughout Canada is a considerably totally different problem than that of our U.S. counterparts. We should discover a strategy to meet the pollination wants throughout Canada or a inventory substitute technique could also be imposed whether or not beekeepers prefer it or not.