HomeBiotechnologyBitter style receptors are a possible goal for treating bronchial asthma or...

Bitter style receptors are a possible goal for treating bronchial asthma or COPD

Surprisingly, bitter style receptors should not solely positioned within the mouth, but additionally elsewhere within the physique, together with the airways. Activating these receptors opens up lung passageways, so they are a potential goal for treating bronchial asthma or persistent obstructive pulmonary illness (COPD). Now, researchers report in ACS’ Journal of Medicinal Chemistry that they’ve designed a potent and selective compound that would cleared the path to such therapies.

Among the many 25 various kinds of bitter style receptors, the TAS2R14 subtype is among the most generally distributed in tissues exterior the mouth. Scientists are unsure concerning the construction of the receptor, they usually have not recognized the actual compound or “ligand” within the physique that prompts it. Nonetheless, a number of artificial compounds, such because the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) flufenamic acid, are identified to bind to and activate TAS2R14s. However these compounds aren’t very potent, they usually haven’t got related structural options. These difficulties make it difficult to create a greater ligand. Nonetheless, Masha Niv, Peter Gmeiner and colleagues used flufenamic acid as a place to begin to design and synthesize analogs with improved properties. Subsequent, the workforce needed to increase that work to develop a set of even higher TAS2R14 ligands.

Constructing on their earlier findings that sure sorts of buildings enhanced efficiency, the researchers made a number of new variations. They examined these compounds in a cell-based assay that measures receptor activation. This strategy revealed that changing a phenyl ring with a 2-aminopyrimidine and substituting a tetrazole for a carboxylic acid group was a promising technique. One of many new ligands was six occasions stronger than flufenamic acid, that means much less of the compound was wanted to supply the same response because the NSAID. This ligand was additionally extremely selective for TAS2R14 in comparison with non-bitter style receptors, which might probably decrease uncomfortable side effects. The brand new compounds will assist make clear the construction, mechanism and physiological perform of bitter style receptors and information growth of drug candidates to focus on them, the researchers say.


American Chemical Society

Journal reference:

Waterloo, L., et al. (2023) Discovery of 2-Aminopyrimidines as Potent Agonists for the Bitter Style Receptor TAS2R14. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry. doi.org/10.1021/acs.jmedchem.2c01997.



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